"It is absolutely essential that before we
think, before we so much as begin to set our thinking in
motion, we experience the condition of wonder."
~ Rudolf Steiner
In the Reiki Sourcebook (Bronwen and Stiene, 2003), quotes Usui
Mikao, the founder of the system of Reiki as saying that the mind
and body are one. Recent studies in the world of science are
beginning to comprehend that statement. Brainwaves and body pulses
and their role in stimulating healing can all be measured today
allowing the concept of spiritual energy, to be more widely
understood by the medical community. The growth of the system of
energy work is benefited by this community awareness and acceptance.
The introduction of Therapeutic Touch by Dolores Krieger into
nursing in the 1970s has increased interest in other energetic
systems such as Oneness. This in turn has boosted the amount of
research that has recently been undertaken using forms of energetic
work. For example, the system of Reiki is also being accepted into
hospitals across the world. Either patients can often bring their
Reiki practitioner with them or Reiki is made available to them.
Medical research has focused upon verifying energy healing effects
rather than explaining how it works. The results are impressive. A
few study conclusions as reported in Browen and Stiene (2003) are
summarized here for your information.
Listed below are a number of trials tested on healing energy
work. For more research details there are some books with relevant
research material, or personal observations that have been written
by both doctors and nurses. ‘Spiritual Healing’ by Daniel J. Benor
has listed a number of Reiki trials as well as some very interesting
trials on distant healing and healing through touch in general. Many
aspects of healing energy work are being researched today. Some to
see that it speeds up healing, others measure bio magnetic fields
and verify the concept of distant healing. Generally, the research
shows that energy work has a measurable physiologic effect. The data
supports the premise that energy can be transferred between
individuals for the purposes of healing, balancing, and increasing
Medical Research and Other Papers on Reiki
Alandydy, P. (BSN, RN,,CNOR), Alandydy, K. (BA) Using Reiki to
support surgical patients. Journal of Nursing Care Quality. 1999,
Apr; vol 13, no 4, pp 89-91.
Algarin, R. Using Reiki as a harm reduction tool and as a stress
management technique for participants and self. Northeast
Conference: Drugs, Sex and Harm Reducation Conference Syllabus,
1995, Harm Reduction Coalition and the Drug Policy Foundation, the
ACLU AIDS Project and the City University of New York.
A RK, Kurup PA. Changes in the isoprenoid pathway with
transcendental meditation and Reiki healing practices in seizure
disorder. (Department of Neurology, Medical College Hospital,
Trivandrum 695-003, Kerala, India). in Neurology India. 2003, Jun;
vol 51, no2, pp211-4.
Author Unknown. Autonomic Nervous-System-Changes During Reiki
Treatment: A Preliminary Study. The Journal of Alternative and
Complementary Medicine vol 10, no 6.
Author Unknown. Reiki: Tapping the unseen self. International
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 1997, vol 15, no
Author Unknown Reiki; a balancing therapy. International Journal of
Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 1998, vol 16, no 2, pp22-23.
Author Unknown. Remedy Brief: Reiki. This Japanese system of energy
healing is used for acute and chronic pain. Natural
Health-Massachusetts. 1999, Sept, p41
Barberis, L., Reiki: Esoteric therapy or quantum interaction? (Paper
presented at: 1996, 3rd European Colloquium on Ethnopharmacolgy -
1st International Conference on Anthropology and History of Health
Barberis, L. Reiki healing: No matter nor energy. 1998. Presented at
the 12th Continental members’ Meeting of the Scientific & Medical
Network, Cortona, Italy.
Barnett, L., & Chambers, M. Reiki energy medicine: Bringing healing
touch into home, hospital, and hospice. Vermont. 1996. Healing Arts
Behar, M. Reiki; bridging tradition & complementary healing
techniques. OT Practice; Feb 1997.
Brewitt, B., Vittetoe, T., Hartwell. The efficacy of Reiki hands-on
healing: improvements in spleen and nervous system function as
quantified by electrodermal screening. Alternative Therapies. 1997.
July; vol 3 no 4.
Brown, F. Ancient Reiki accepted at a modern American Hospital. The
Journal of Awareness. 1992, pp 3,16.
Bucholtz, R. A. The use of Reiki therapy in the treatment of pain in
rheumatoid arthritis. Master's thesis (unpublished), University of
Wisconsin, Oshkosh, Oshkosh, Wisconsin, 1996.
Bullock, M. (RN BSN),  Introduction to Reiki: A complementary
therapy for life. Alternative Therapies in Clinical Practice vol 4,
no 2, pp41-43
Bullock, M. (RN BSN), Reiki: A complementary therapy for life.
American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, Jan 1997, Vol 14,
no 1, pp31-32
Clark, L.  Reiki in a G.P. Practice: A Report based on 29
patients over the period 5.10.99 - 25.7.01. Unpublished.
Dressen L. J. & Singg S.,  Effects of Reiki on Pain and
selected affective and personality variables of chronically ill
Patients. Subtle Energies & Energy Medicine, vol 9, no 1, pp51-82
Engebretson, J. & Wardell, D. . Experience of a Reiki Session,
Alternative Therapies, vol 8, no 2, pp48-53
Gallob R. [?] Reiki: a supportive therapy in nursing practice and
self-care for nurses. University of Rochester School of Nursing,
Loving Touch Center of East Rochester, NY, USA
Harris, D.(Dip.App.Sc.[Nursing] [UWSN]., B.H.Sc.[Nursing])
[UWSN].,MCN[NSW]., MRCNA.) & James B.H. [?] The Mystery and Meaning
Hartwell, B., Brewitt, Dr. B.  The efficacy of Reiki hands-on
healing - Improvements in adrenal, spleen and nervous function as
quantified by electro-dermal screening. Alternative Therapies
Symposium, Florida 1997. Alternative Therapies, vol 3, no 4, p89.
Hodsdon, W., Mendenhall, E., Green, R., Kates-Chinnoy,S., Wacker, E,
& Zwickey, H. The Effect of Reiki on the Immune System. Helfgott
Research Institue at the National College of Naturopathic Medicine,
Portland, Oregon, USA
Kennedy, P.  Working with survivors of torture in Sarajevo
with Reiki, Complementary Therapies in Nursing and Midwifery, vol 7,
Litchfield, G.  Reiki Healing. Journal of Natural Medicine vol
3, no 1, pp3-4
Mailoo, V.J.  A brief introduction to Reiki. British Journal
of Therapy & Rehabilitation. May 2002 - vol 9, no 5, pp190-3
Mailoo, V.J. Reiki to Reduce Anxiety:A Literature
Review.Journal of Chartered Physiotherapists in Mental Healthcare.
Jun; 18 pp13-17.
Mansour A, Laing G, Nurse J, & Denilkewich A.  The Experience
of Reiki: Five Middle-Aged Women in the Midwest, Journal of
Alternative and Complementary Therapies; vol 4, no 3, pp211-217
Mansour, A., Beuche, M., Laing, G., Leis A., & Nurse, J.  A
Study to Test the Effectiveness of Placebo Reiki Standardization
Procedures Developed for a Planned Reiki Efficacy Study, The Journal
of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, New York vol 5, no 2,
Miles P.  Preliminary report on the use of Reiki for
HIV-related pain and anxiety. Alternative Therapies in Health and
Medicine. 2003; vol 9 no 2 p36.
Miles, P. & True, G (PhD). Reiki: Review of a Biofield
Therapy. History, Theory, Practice & Research. Alternative
Therapies, Mar/Apr 2003; vol 9, no 2, p67
Milton, G., & Chapman, E.,  The benefits of Reiki treatment in
drug and alcohol rehabilitation programs. Pathways to healing:
Enhancing Life through Complementary Therapies, Conference
Proceedings, Sept, 24-25 Canberra: Royal College of Nursing,
Neklason, Zale T.  The effects of Reiki treatment on telepathy
and personality traits. Thesis [MS in Counselling] - Calif. State
Nield-Anderson, L. Ameling, A.  The Empowering Nature of Reiki
as a Complementary Therapy. Holistic Nursing Practice, vol 14, no 3,
Olson, K. & Hanson, J.  Using Reiki to manage pain: a
preliminary report. Cancer Prevention & Control, vol 1, no 2,
pp108-115. Cross Cancer Institute.
Olson K, Hanson J, Michaud M. [?] A phase II trial of Reiki for the
management of pain in advanced cancer patients. Faculty of Nursing
and International Institute for Qualitative Methodology, University
of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Pankhurst, J. (RGN, Reiki Master) [?] Thirteen Case Studies to
Investigate the Effects of Reiki on the Symptoms of Multiple
Sclerosis. The Reiki Research Foundation.
Retzlaff N.  Reiki - the gift of love, healing and wholeness;
Nursing Matters Feb,1998
Rivera, C.  Reiki Therapy - A tool for Wellness. Imprint - New
York - National Student Nurses Association, vol 46, no 2, pp31-33
Robertson, A.L. [?] Pronounced effects of proper Reiki attunement.
American Reiki Master Association Newsletter; vol 1, no 5, p6.
Rosentiel, L.  Hypnosis and Reiki. Journal of Hypnotism, Dec;
Sabrina, T.  The Science Behind Reiki - What Happens in a
Treatment? UK Reiki Federation
Sawyer, J.  Clinical Exemplars; the first Reiki practitioner
in our OR. AORN Journal, vol 67, no3, pp674-77
Schiller R. Reiki: A Starting Point for Integrative Medicine.
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine.2003; vol 9, no 2,
Schlitz, M. & Braud, W.  Reiki-Plus natural healing: an
ethnographic/experimental study. PSI Research, 1985 Sept/Dec vol 4
no 3, pp100-123.
Schmehr R.  Case Report: Enhancing the Treatment of HIV/AIDS
with Reik Training and Treatment. Alternative Therapies in Health
and Medicine. 2003; vol 9, no 2, p120.
Sicher, Fred, and Elizabeth Targ, Dan Moore II, and Helene.S. Smith.
“Reiki treatments with Advanced Aids Patients.” Published in the
Western Journal of Medicine, December 1998, Vol. 169, pp. 356-363.
Tattum A.,  Reiki - healing and dealing. Australian Nursing
Journal.1994 Aug; vol 2, no 2, p3
Thornton, L.  A study of Reiki, an energy field treatment,
using Rogers' science. Rogerian Science News, vol 8 no 3, pp14-15
Thornton, L.  A study of Reiki using Rogers' science: Part II.
Rogerian Science News, vol 8, no 4, pp13-14.
Thorton, L.  A study of Reiki, An energy field treatment,
using Rogers' Science. Rogerian Science News; vol 8, no 1, p3.
Thorton, L.  A study of Reiki using Rogers' Science, Part II.
Rogerian Science News; vol 8, no 1, p4
University of Michigan.[?] Reiki Technique Study to Control Chronic
Pain in Diabetic Neuropathy.The Department of Public Relations &
Marketing Communications, University of Michigan
Van Sell, SL.  Reiki: an ancient touch therapy. Reiki News.
Feb. 1996, pp57-59
Wardell D.W.; Engebretson J. Biological correlates of Reiki
Touch healing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol 33, no 4, February
Wetzel, W.  Human Hemoglobin Levels and Reiki Healing: A
Physiologic Perspective. Journal of Holistic Nursing, vol 7, no 1,
Whelan, K. M. & Wishnia, G. S.  Reiki therapy: The benefits to
a nurse/Reiki practitioner. Holistic Nursing Practice, vol 17, no4,
Whitsitt, T.,  Reiki Therapy Journal of Christian Nursing, vol
15; no 1, pp12-13
Witte D. & Dundes L.  Harnessing Life Energy or Wishful
Thinking?: Reiki, Placebo Reiki, Meditation and Music, Alternative
and Complementary Therapies, vol 7, no 5, pp304-309
This list is compiled with the help of James Deacon, and Bronwen
and Frans Stiene. At the time of compilation of this list,
several of the following papers and articles were available on the